Job Creation in Tunisia
“Die Schweiz ist am CIIP beteiligt (Competitive Industries and Innovation Program), die ein erhöhtes Wachstum von Arbeit und Einkommen durch Verbesserung der Produktivität erreichen will. Im Rahmen des CIIP gibt es laufende Projekte, die untersucht werden könnten, um herauszufinden, welcher Mix von Massnahmen empfohlen wird, um massiv Arbeitsplätze zu schaffen?”
The purpose of this paper is to identify a mix of industrial policies which leads to massive job creation. The Competitive Industries and Innovation Program (CIIP) was the starting point from which the elaboration of a further reaching and more comprehensive industrial policy measure mix was developed. In order to recommend specific measures we chose the case country Tunisia. An extensive literature research about industrial policies in general and about Tunisia was conducted. Concluding, we recommend firstly overall measures of reducing the costs of formalizing business, of privatize domestic and foreign investments and to reform the business tax system. Further, we recommend specific industrial policies measures in order to create low skilled employment. Therefore, we chose the textile industry and the recommendation include building industrial cluster, introducing a Special Economic Zone and the promotion of small and medium sized enterprises. The third mix of industrial policies aims at creating high quality employment on a massive scale. Here, recommended measures to achieve the goal are: the integration of the education system into an industrial cluster and a labour market regulation reform. According to our research, all policy mixes should be implemented in order to reach a sustainable employment environment in the long run. Nevertheless, the actual political insta-bility, widespread corruption and nepotism are a constraint to industrial policy efforts and need to be taken into account in the implementation process.